Wisteria Floribunda (Wisteria)

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  • The Wisteria is a strong, fast-growing deciduous vine with alternating compound leaves.
  • In spring it produces long drooping clusters of bluish-purple fragrant flowers.
  • In gardens, it is often used to grow over pergolas or facades.
  • The genus wisteria comprises less than 10 species, most of them native to China and Japan and two natives to North America.
  • There are several cultivars with different flower colors, like white, pink, and dark purple.
  • For bonsai, the most common species are the Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and the Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) which produces the longest flower clusters.
  • The long velvety seed pods can literally explode and catapult their seeds out when they get ripe.
  • Most wisteria bonsai are of medium or large size because the long flower clusters need some height to hang from.
  • Wisterias are very well suited for bonsai but their special feature is the flowers.
  • After flowering, the trunk and branches are hidden under long leaves and proliferating tendrils, and then the wisteria returns to the second row in the bonsai garden.


  • A standard soil mix works well.
  • The pH value should be around 5.5 to 6.


  • Apply solid organic fertilizer once a month or use a liquid fertilizer every week during the growing season or even both.
  • The wisteria grows strongly and likes to be fed well, but use fertilizers which are not too high in nitrogen.
  • The wisteria can fix nitrogen from the atmosphere and too much nitrogen would promote leaf growth instead of flowers.


  • The wisteria should be placed in full sun during the growing season.
  • Sunlight is essential for flowering.
  • Wisterias are frost hardy when they are growing in the ground, but the roots need protection when they are planted in containers.
  • A cold but frost-free greenhouse, garage, or shed is a good winter place for a wisteria bonsai tree.


  • It needs enormous amounts of water during the growing season.
  • In summer it is a good idea to place the bonsai pot in a shallow bowl which is filled up with water each time the tree is watered.
  • In autumn and winter keep the roots moist but not soaking.


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