Guava (Psidium guajava)
$32.71 incl. GST
Overall Height APPROXIMATELY 140-145cm
- ⇒ Fruits are seasonal.
- ⇒ The picture shown is for reference only.
- Psidium guajava, the common guava, yellow guava, or lemon guava, is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.
- It is easily pollinated by insects; in culture, mainly by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera.
- Guava is a fast-growing evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow to a height of 3-10 m.
- It has a shallow root system.
- Guava produces low drooping branches from the base and suckers from the roots.
- The trunk is slender, 20 cm in diameter, covered with a smooth green to red-brown bark that peels off in thin flakes.
- Young twigs are pubescent.
- The leaves grow in pairs, opposite each other.
- The leaf blade is elliptic to oblong in shape, 5-15 cm long x 3-7 cm broad, finely pubescent, and veined on the lower face, glabrous on the upper face.
- The flowers are white in color, about 3 cm in diameter, solitary or in 2-3 flower clusters borne at the axils of newly emerging lateral shots.
- The fruit is a fleshy, pyriform, or ovoid berry that can weigh up to 500 g (Orwa et al., 2009).
- The skin color is yellowish to orange.
- The flesh can be white, yellow, pink, or red, sour to sweet.
- The guava grows well in any type of soil conditions but will produce better in rich soils high in organic matter.
- They also prefer well-drained soil in the pH range of 5 to 7.
- Good drainage is recommended but guavas are seen growing spontaneously on land with a high water table, too wet for most other fruit trees but will not tolerate salty soils.
- The use of a guava tree fertilizer with a 6-6-6-2 (nitrogen–phosphorus–potassium–magnesium) ratio is recommended.
- For each feeding, scatter the fertilizer evenly on the ground, starting a foot (30 cm.) from the trunk, then spreading out to the tree drip line.
- Rake it in, then water.
- Plant guava in full sun
- In dessert, regions plant guava in partial shade or protect plants from the midday sun.
- Like other tender subtropicals, guavas need a frost-free location but are not too fussy otherwise.
- Guavas have survived dry summers with no water, although they do best with regular deep watering.
- The ground should be allowed to dry to a depth of several inches before watering again.